Hamster Breeding Made Easy

How many children do you have in your family? How big is your house? The more children you have, the more space is required. If there are too many people in a small house, everyone will feel uncomfortable. This is also true with hamsters. Once you decide to breed hamsters, you have to ensure that you can easily find new homes for the babies, or you will need to get enough cages to house the litter. Before you start breeding, you can talk to local pet shops or to friends, relatives, and co-workers to determine if they are willing to take some of the baby hamsters.

Cross breeding you should not be attempted. For instance, if you like Syrian hamsters, you will need to breed two Syrian hamsters. What if you only have a female or a male? This is not a problem. You can find another owner of a hamster of the same breed. Ask around your neighborhood or you can also ask for references from friends and acquaintances. Talk to the owner of the hamster and you can bring them with the agreement of sharing the load when it comes to finding homes for the babies!

The Syrian hamsters are more of the 'isolated' type and will want to live alone or in pairs. The dwarf hamsters are different. In fact, you can keep a few dwarf hamsters (of the same sex) in a cage, and they will tend to live harmoniously as they grow up together. Remember that once you've determined the gender of the hamsters, you will need to keep them in separate cages – one for the male and one for the female. You see, when the hamsters reach the 'mating' age, you can see how things unfold naturally.

To prevent cannibalism, you need to breed the females when they are already 4 to 6 months. It's not ideal to breed hamsters over six months old because birth complications can occur. In the case of the male, the ideal age for breeding is 2 to 3 months old. Here's another fact, the female becomes sterile when she reaches 14 months! So if you want to breed again using the same female, you can do so but try to space the births 3 to 4 months apart.

Some females get pregnant within several days of giving birth, but this is not ideal because it will only shorten their lives. This is because the female's body is not able to recuperate. In most cases, the female can produce two litters at certain time intervals, although there is a chance when she can produce more than that.

When promoting the Syrian, the female is really aggressive and so you will need to introduce the male when they are in season. Watch out for the scent that is usually given off at night by the female. This is the sign that she is ready to mate. Otherwise, the male can get killed. You need to learn about the oestrus period of the female which can last for 4-18 hours beginning at night. Learn the scent and know how it smells.

Feed the female with foods that are high in protein during her pregnancy. After giving birth, your task is to avoid upsetting the mother, and refrain from disturbing their cage. In other breeds, like the dwarf hamsters, you will not encounter many problems because these creatures are more sociable.

Good luck and happy hamster breeding!



Source by Marc Stonebright

A Senior Dog Health Management – Rich Diet, Exercise, Vet Checkups & Supplements

As humans, your dog too ages and it is relatively earlier than a humans age. With age, numerous health issues arise in your dog such as deterioration of skin and coat, loss of muscle mass, digestion issues, obesity, arthritis, dental problems and decreased ability to fight back infections. However, large size dogs experience age-related changes earlier compared to smaller dogs who live longer. This gives us the hint to estimate when it is a time to feed your canine a senior diet food based on the size.

A standard guideline to follow to determine how dogs age related to their size is:

  • Small breeds or dogs weighing less than 20 pounds – 7 years of age.
  • Medium breeds and dogs weighing 21 to 50 pounds – 7 years of age.
  • Large breeds and dogs weighing 51 to 90 pounds – 6 years of age.
  • Giant breeds and dogs weighing 91 pounds or more – 5 years of age.

Say no to diets that have low level of proteins

Normally, it is believed that as dogs age, they require less amount of proteins. This is far behind the real fact. Senior dogs require as much protein as they were taking previously. Studies have proven that older dogs need to be facilitated with proper level of proteins, and this does not open gateways to the development or progress of renal failures. It is even crucial to feed senior dogs with optimal levels of easily digestible proteins to help retain good muscle mass.

Ensure to Provide Low-Calorie Diet

Senior dogs have been recorded to attain an extra body fat in spite of consuming fewer calories. Due to the age, this change in a body is unstoppable and may be triggered due to reduced energy spending or a sudden change in metabolism. Whatever the reason is, it is paramount to feed a low-calorie diet to avoid every possible weight gain and the problems arising due to obesity. However, meeting the proper protein level is important to support in retaining muscle mass.

Talk to your vet regarding the change of diet of your older dog

Aging can directly affect a dog's intestinal function. It can hamper intestinal bacteria, which can surface the symptoms of gastrointestinal infections. When selecting a senior dog diet, ensure it contains FOS (fructooligosaccharides) that promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria, this invariably helps in proper digestion, preventing any digestive issues.

Pick foods with high ratio of vitamin E and Beta-carotene

Antioxidants such as vitamin E and beta-carotene help in removing free radicals that can seriously damage the tissues of the body and can cause signs of aging. Senior dog diets should contain higher levels of these antioxidant compounds. Good amount of antioxidants is responsible for increasing the effectiveness of the immune power in older dogs.

Stick to Consistency

Never be inconsistent when it comes to a routine care of geriatric pets. Along with consistent daily routine, timely veterinary examinations should be involved to diagnose the presence or progress of a chronic disease. Stressful situations and abrupt changes in daily routines should be shunned. In case, you are looking to make a drastic change in your older pet's routine, remember to put it on a regular scale.

In a nutshell, senior dogs undergo a variety of physiological changes along with psychological changes. To tackle these changes, it is advisable to follow the right diet that is recommended for older dogs. Two things to care – their weight and agility. Your older dogs need not only proper diet and optimal weight but also regular health checkups at a vet office. Not limited to this, the care should be extended in adding the nutritional supplements to aid their physical health. Well, taking proper care of your older dog, you can help them pass their golden years happily.



Source by Taya Burnett

Ten Little Known Facts About Cats

While cats are counted as the most-owned pet in the U.S., dogs still receive more attention from their owners. This might be attributed to the fact that most people don’t know very much about cats and thus, have no idea what kind of attention they need. Cats are regarded as aloof and independent and so, require less attention. Cats can take care of themselves in ways dogs cannot, but this does not mean they prefer to be left alone.

  1. They need as much attention as dogs. Cats are emotionally sensitive and need companionship, too. If we ignore them, they learn to be aloof, but they’d rather be affectionate.
  2. Cats can be trained to do many things, including walk on a leash, “speak,” beg, sit, lie down, etc. It just takes different training methods and lots of patience.
  3. The average lifespan is about 15 years, but it can be much longer with good care. A stray might manage to survive two years in harsh surroundings, but a well-cared-for pet cat can easily attain 20 years.
  4. Fossil records have shown that cats have been around for more than 35 million years, without much change in their shape or behaviors.
  5. As long as a space or an opening is not smaller than their heads, cats can squeeze through them, because their skeletal structure is narrow at the shoulders and the clavicle and shoulder blades (that give humans their wide shoulders) are very narrow and rotate easily. It is incorrect to say that cats do not have shoulder blades.
  6. A cat’s whiskers are essential equipment for analyzing their environment and can be moved in independent groups with the many tiny muscles that control them. They can detect the slightest air movements, which can help with hunting small prey. Blind cats hold them forward, using them much as a blind person uses a cane.
  7. Their ears also are controlled by many more muscles than humans have. Cats can move their ears over 180 degrees using the 30 or so muscles they have, compared to only 6 for humans.
  8. A cat’s jaws move only up and down; there is no sideways movement. This means they cannot grind their food. They can only chomp down on it. This means that so-called dental treats or chew toys are ineffective, therefore, they need to have their teeth cleaned fairly regularly.
  9. Allergies to cats involve a skin secretion called “sebum,” rather than hair, saliva, fur or dander, as many believe. Thus, a hairless cat is not really hypoallergenic, and those breeds require frequent bathing to control it. They also require more skin care for protection, since hairlessness is not natural.
  10. Cats have better hearing than dogs. Humans can hear up to 20 kilohertz, cats are at about 65 KHz, and dogs are somewhere in between, depending on breed and health.



Source by Dr. R.J. Peters

The Advantages of Adopting an Adult Dog

Christmas has come and gone, but now, families are dealing with a problem that came from something that they thought would be a happy memory. What was under the christmas trees? Many children found a small, wiggly present just for them. As they pulled off the lacey bow, they breathlessly held back in anticipation, knowing that it may not be what they have been wishing for all year. Then they heard the little whine that could only mean one thing, a puppy with soft, fluffy fur, and a cute wiggly tail. An hour goes by before the children thought of him again; but by then, it was too late. He urinated on the rug and chewed on two pairs of shoes. This is the story that follows the opening of the small, wiggly present. Many parents do not realize how much responsibility a puppy can be, but by adopting, an adult dog will help keep the puppy frustrations away.

There are many benefits to adopting an adult dog, rather than a puppy. First, the cost of adoption is cheaper than buying a puppy. The adoption fee will also include medical care like spaying, neutering, and vaccinating. It is very unlikely that medical cost will be included in a contract when buying a puppy. In addition, the experts at rescue centers and humane societies can help families pick out the right kind of dog. The Humane Society of the United States writes that they will “[…] screen animals for specific temperaments and behaviors to make sure each family finds the right pet for its lifestyle.” Most importantly, when adopting a dog, there will be no financial support going to puppy mills, or pet stores that support puppy mills. “Puppy mills are ‘factory style’ dog-breeding facilities that put profit above the welfare of dogs”.

While the adoption of puppies is important, the adoption of an adult dog is the key to having a stress free home. A dog becomes an adult between ten and eighteen months. The smaller breeds of dogs will mature faster than larger breeds. A dog becomes a senior and can start showing his age at seven years, and can live between thirteen and eighteen years. This means that a young adult dog can still have a lot of life to give a family.

All puppies will need to be trained for about a year. The first thing puppies will need to learn is not to urinate in the house. This process is called housebreaking or potty training. There are many ways to potty train a puppy, but all of these techniques require time, patience, and a good carpet cleaner. Puppies have very small bladders. The younger the puppy, the smaller its bladder will be. This means that it cannot keep from urinating for more than fifteen minutes at a time. As the puppy gets older, its bladder will become larger, allowing it to wait for longer periods of time. However, this still means that there will be midnight potty training sessions. In contrast, “adult dogs are likely to be already housebroken. If they’re not, they do have the physical capacity to hold it in (unlike puppies) and are generally fast-learners.

Puppies will also need to be watched. They should never be left alone for more than thirty minutes at a time. They will chew on anything, including shoes and expensive furniture. All puppies go through a teething phase, just as human babies do. This phase is their way of testing their environment, and a way for them to pull out their puppy teeth. This puppy phase can cost hundreds of dollars in damages. Deborah Hoffman writes, “…one chewed the wooden molding in our kitchen, and another destroyed hundreds of dollars of irrigation. The ten-month old managed to eat an entire foam chair (yuck!) and liked tearing chunks out of our berber [sic] carpet when we weren’t looking”. Once again, puppies will require time and patience to teach them what not to chew on. However, adult dogs have already explored their world and have lost all of their puppy teeth. They have no more reasons for chewing on non-food items.

Lastly, when adopting an adult dog, “Their personality is already developed, and you’ll be able to spot the characteristics you’re looking for much more easily than with a puppy or kitten” says Pia Salk from adopt-a-pet.com. This means knowing most of the dog’s behaviors before bringing them home. For example, does it like to curl on the couch and cuddle or does it like to be in its kennel (for owners that may need to kennel their dogs while they are at work). This also includes knowing some of the bad behaviors a dog might have, such as, does it get along well with other dogs or is it food aggressive. Some owners are better equipped to handle these problems than others are. Buying a puppy before knowing its personality can mean disaster for a family, after the puppy becomes an adult dog. Will it still fit in with the family? Will the children still like to play with the puppy after it is all grown up? Questions like these do not need to be asked when adopting an adult dog.

Bringing a new dog into a family can be either very rewarding or very frustrating. Always choose carefully when picking out a new family pet. Puppies are fun, but can be destructive. Does the bank account have the extra funds it will take to care for the puppy financially? There are so many adult dogs waiting to be adopted that could fit into a family perfectly. Check out an adoption center today.



Source by Penny Mansfield

Three Tips to Choosing the Right Webkinz For You

Plush furry little adorable toys otherwise known as Webkinz have become a rage and every kid must have at least one. Each pet comes with a special code which lets you access the Webkinz World website and play with your pet virtually.

Adoption of your pet is essentially giving you full authority to do whatever you want with your Webkinz. You can feed the animal, buy clothes for it, earn extra kinzcash and play a host of games at Webkinz World.

Webkinz were a huge hit with children but in the beginning they could only be found in a few stores. By the end of the year, however, there was a mad rush to own Webkinz products and soon stores were running out of stock.

Some of these Webkinz animals become rare and prices are hiked up by a huge margin. To give your child the very best and latest Webkinz you must buy them quickly before they become really expensive.

You want to get your child his or her favorite pet? Well then just ask them to make a list of all those Webkinz animals that they love but do not own. Make a mental note to add all the accessories that come along with these plush toys. This small gesture makes the toy more personal than ever before. Now simply go to the store and check with the shopkeeper if any of those toys are available. If the toy or toys are there buy it that very instant. This is the most hassle free way to get your child’s most liked pet or pets.

Make sure you do your homework before you set out to purchase your Webkinz pet. Find out the cheapest available price online and don’t forget to include shipping charges along with it. Some may propose free shipping if a purchase is made over a certain amount. However on auction websites sellers usually charge you for every part you buy but that balances out the little money you save otherwise.

Keep your eyes wide open for any toys that are likely to go into retirement. If you spot any Webkinz of that kind buy it on the spot. Retired Webkinz are extremely expensive and the price just keeps rising for instance the ‘cheeky dog’ which is believed to have been sold for a four digit figure.

For More information, please visit: Webkinz Cheat Codes and Webkinz Cheats



Source by Dixita Dutt

All About The Yorkshire Terrier AKC Standard

In 2006, Yorkshire Terriers became the second most popular purebred dog in America. The year before, they had been number three. Although it seems hard to think that any breed of dog would topple the long reigning Labrador Retriever from the top spot, the tiny Yorkshire Terrier seemed poised to do just that. Wondering if you have ever seen a Yorkshire Terrier (most commonly called Yorkies)? Chances are, you have seen a lot of them.

Yorkshire Terriers weigh only about six pounds, although they can get heavier or lighter without being ill in any way. They have pointed ears, a tiny pointed nose and a yappy voice. They are most common in blue and gold coats, although a there are slight variations in color the blue and gold dominate. These coats naturally grow long and silky, getting to be almost twice the length of the dog, requiring that tiny red bow in top so the dog can see.

The personality of a Yorkshire Terrier is pretty consistent, even though you will find some differences in individual dogs. There is a temperament goal in the Yorkshire breed standard that ethical breeders try to get their dogs to copy. Yorkshire Terriers are the benevolent Napoleons of the canine world, needing to be in charge of every little thing in their territory. They are bossy, vocal and need to be fussed over.

The breed standard lists Yorkies as alert, vivacious and full of "self importance". (That's putting it mildly). Yorkies are one of the few dog breeds that can be picky eaters. They make very good watchdogs. They do not do well in a home with pet rodents, as they were bred to kill rats. However, they do well in homes with older or small children. In a home with other dogs, do not be surprised if the Yorkie becomes the alpha dog very quickly.

Other distinct features of the Yorkshire Terrier include a black nose, a yappy voice and a bold personality. Unlike a sloping spelling of, say, a German Shepherd, Yorkies have even spines with the shoulder in line with the rump. They should stand squarely. Although blue and tan is the official color, other colors or white markings have cropped up in pet quality animals.

Yorkshire Terriers are famous for their silky coats. In show champions, the coat is about twice as long as the dog. In the shelter, most likely the dog you are trying to identify has a clipped coat, making him or her look like a cross between a teddy bear and a ragamuffin. Another fault that disables a Yorkie from a show ring is having black hairs mixed with the blue and tan. Also, if the blue of your Yorkie is silver blue instead of steel blue, he or she will also not be considered good enough for the show ring.



Source by Susan Bailey

Dog Sense – How To Give Your Dog Freedom

I am a professional dog trainer. As such I have a very specific way that I view dogs and how I think about dog training. I refer to this as my 'dog-sense'. When I encounter new clients I discover them with varying degrees of dog-sense. It is my responsibility as a trainer to inculcate as much dog-sense into my clients as possible.

Through my years of training I have found that the majority of dog owners lack dog-sense in one key and critical area. If dog owners everywhere were able to improve in this area it could very well put me out of a job.

Dogs have dozens of natural instincts. A great deal of these instincts act out in contradiction to what the average dog owner wants. Dogs instinctively pee on rugs, jump on newcomers, bark at things, and chew on whatever feels comfortable.

It remains the responsibility of the dog owner to mold every dog ​​behavior. It is your responsibility to determine how your puppy or dog interacts with your sofa, with your rug, with your guest, with your child, and with every part of your dog's surroundings. This is where the average dog owner goes wrong.

The average dog owner Merely hands over freedom to his dog. This is a mistake. Dogs need to earn their freedom through good behavior. You can not allow your dog to be loose in your house until he has learned how not to go to the bathroom on the floor, how not to chew on your shoes, and how not to make a wreck of everything. Every time a dog owner gives a dog freedom too early he runs the risk of the dog taking that freedom and acting inappropriately with it. If you give your dog freedom and he pees on the floor what can you do? The answer is nothing. You can not find a problem after the fact and do anything about it.

So what is a dog owner to do? The answer is that you are to restrict your dog's freedom until he has earned it. Keep your dog with you. If you want to mold behavior you have to see behavior. If you want to see your dog's behavior your dog has to be next to you. So keep your dog with you at all times. Do not let your dog out of your sight until you can trust him. If you can not keep him in your sight because you leave the house or are too busy, put your dog in his crate.

As your dog progresses and is reliable in the house you can give him more and more freedom. Do not rush it. Take your time and you will see that your dog can learn to be a perfect pet in the home.



Source by Tyler Brown

Pet Hammocks

People seem to be easier to train then dogs about learning to find a suitable place to lie down. Of course, we all have family members who choose to use the floor in front of the television set than the couch. But, when we go outdoors we usually choose a hammock hung between two trees or a glider to sit rather than on the wet grass.

The same situation occurs with our pets.

Most of the time, pets lounge indoors wherever they choose unless they have been trained to use a doggies bed. But, for the most part pets are allowed to rest on couches and floors. But, when our best friends go outdoors. do we really want them lying on grass or cement? Our pets are like us. Lying on cold grass can make us sick, give us grass stains or make our arthritis impossible to bear. Our pets can also get sick from lying on grass, get grass mites in their fur and make their joints ache. A reasonable solution is a pet hammock. A pet hammock is different from a people hammock in that the size of the hammock has to be suitable to our pets size.

The hammock has to be easily reached by our pet and has to be of a fabric that our pets will like to lie on. Pet hammocks can be found in pet stores or you can make one for your own pets by using two heavy outdoor pots. Just tie rope to one pot and to the other making sure that it is taut and a little above ground. You can use a favorite doggies or kittie stuffed cushion or a light weight canvas and tie it to the rope. Your hammock will be your pets outdoor seat and a safe one.



Source by Ray B Spencer

7 Essential Ways to Keep Your Dog’s Teeth Twinkling and Flourishing

Veterinarians across the globe suggest dog owners to clean the teeth of the dogs on a daily basis. But the problem is that normally dog owners do not follow this advice. The basic problem is that brushing the teeth of the doggy can be inconvenient and difficult for first time dog owners. But it is a must because otherwise build-up of bacteria in the dog’s mouth can result in plaque, infections and gum irritation. To keep the gum diseases away from your furry pal it is important to have an alternate plan that can aid in keeping your dog’s teeth twinkling and flourishing.

Purchase good dog food

The very first thing that you can do to keep your pet’s teeth twinkling and flourishing is by giving him good dog food. There are various benefits of feeding quality food to your tyke including keeping his teeth healthy. There are certain dog foods that consist of whole foods that aid in nourishing his body and keeping his teeth stronger and healthier. But do not ever give him food that has any cereal grains or by-products in it. The reason for that is such food can stick to the dog’s teeth. Instead, opt for a food that has been made from vegetables, fruits and meats.

Serve fruits & vegetables for snacks

Dogs love snacks and dog owners love giving them. But there are certain snacks which are not good for the dental health of the dog. This includes food that consists of fats, sugar and cereal grains. Instead of this, you can serve carrots or carrot slices, a chunk of squash or pumpkin that pooches love. The other advantage of these snacks is that they do not stick in the mouth of the pet. These snacks aid in scraping food off the teeth of the dog. Always feed these snacks according to the size of your tyke. The overall quantity of the snacks should not be more than 10% of overall daily calorie intake.

Dried meat treats can be used as a good chew treats

There are several dried meat treats that can act as an excellent chewing option that aid in cleaning the teeth of the dog. You can rest assured that dried tendons, oesophagus, dried beef ears or snouts and even similar pieces are loved by those pets that are picky eaters.

Get chew toys

Getting nylon chew toys or hard rubber can be an excellent option for scraping and cleaning teeth. Give this toy after each meal and encourage your furry pal to chew on it for a while.

Raw bones can scrape teeth clean

Just like good toys, even bones can aid in cleaning the teeth. Get uncooked bones that are large because a small bone can break or splinter, or can get stuck in the mouth of the furry companion or the doggy will try to swallow it whole. Whenever you are giving a bone to chew to your doggy ensure that he does not break it off into pieces. There are certain veterinarians that are against the bone-chewing idea so, do get a second opinion before giving it to your pet.

Never give chew bones made of starches

There are certain chew bones that are made from starches, including rice flours, potato or corn. They tend to be stickier than vegetables or dried meat chews. When your furry pal’s teeth scrape up against this sort of stuff. Normally it has an opposite effect as chewing on a cow bone.

Develop a routine for your dog

Even if you find it difficult to brush your dog’s teeth after every meal or even every day, inculcate some type of teeth cleaning routine.

Once you follow these suggestions, it will aid in cleaning your dog’s teeth at least on a weekly basis. Remember, it is better than nothing.



Source by Taya Burnett

The New Diablo Blanco Red Leopard Gecko

There is a new breed of leopards known as the Diablo Blanco which is genetically a pattern-less gecko with a complete red-eye. This new red-eye leopard gecko or the Diablo Blanco may or may not be all completely red, some possess only with one or more eyes being 50% of the solid red and the other one acquires the solid red color in both eyes.

Actually this new morph called the Diablo Blanco has three eye variations and only two body variants. As of now there are only two categories of this kind: the Blanco’s and the Diablo Blanco.

The Blanco is also a genetically pattern-less gecko, only they have the normal colored eyes of an albino. The head, body, and tail color is white. Although some Blanco’s may possess a yellowish color in their body, it may be totally wiped out through selective breeding of the next generation.

The other category is called the Diablo Blanco, this variety possess the complete or partial red-eyed color leopard gecko. Just like the raptor morph, there can also be a snake-eyed Diablo Blanco. That would mean that there could be one or more eyes that will have only half of the solid red color and there could also be a gecko with the two eyes being solid red. The best quality of this morph may possess a complete white skin from head to tail with two vividly solid red eyes.

How did these breed came about?

This is the result of cross breeding of the snowy white Tremper Albino “Blazing Blizzard” females with the best raptor male available as well as breeding those het offspring together. It is definitely not the cross breeding of two Blazing Blizzard’s with a pure Blizzard and miraculously came up with a new variety of a red-eye morph. Never yet in the history has that, two Blazing Blizzard geckos produced an all red-eyed leopards.

The Diablo Blanco variety, act as a recessive trait just like the other albino morph. When mixed together, they will produce the same characteristics, traits, and appearance of that of the parents.

The New Diablo Blanco red-eye leopard gecko is a new variety from trial breeding of hobbyist. With patience and painstaking observation of their pets they have finally produced a beautiful flawless white with the possibility of having two solid red eyes lizards. Producing your own new gecko variety greatly depends on your creativity. Study about these reptiles and try to cross-bred it yourself and be able to produce a unique and beautiful variety that can be called your own.

Find out more about this red-eyed leopard geckos; how to care for them and what to feed them. Are they the same with other leopard geckos?



Source by Lilly Green