Why Does My Dog’s Vomit Smell Like Poop?

Most dog owners think once their puppy reaches a certain age; they don’t have to be as concerned about everything that goes into their mouth. Not true! Even though puppies and younger dogs are the most common victims of intestinal obstruction, older dogs can also be at risk.

Be aware, if your dog’s vomit smells like stools, your dog is in a serious, life-threatening situation. What you smell is feces, that has backed up, and cannot pass normally, due to a blockage!

Most Common Causes of Intestinal Blockage

The major cause if this symptom is an obstruction or severe trauma to the lower gastrointestinal tract. The larger or sharper the obstruction, the more risk your dog faces of perforation, rupture and peritonitis.

Veterinarians have removed an extraordinary array of objects from our canine companions gut! They include, but are not limited to, coins, hearing aids, retainers, marbles, socks, T-shirts, batteries, rawhide, unchewed biscuits, bones, plastic wrap, tin foil, children’s toys, rope, twine, bully sticks, balls (including a whole golf ball!), towels, wood, blankets, toy stuffing, cat litter, yarn, pins, jewelry, and nails/screw,

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms usually appear within 7 hours after ingesting the item However, it may take days in some cases, before the you notice there is a problem. The most common warning signs indicating something is wrong are intermittent vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, lack of appetite, pale gums, bleeding, weakness, lethargy, electrolyte imbalance, shock, and possibly death.

Owners often get a false sense the obstruction has passed if their pet has diarrhea. Don’t be fooled. Diarrhea can work itself around a blockage.

As a rule, upper gastrointestinal obstructions usually cause projectile vomiting.

Lower gastrointestinal obstructions commonly cause a distended abdomen and vomit that smells like feces.

Intestinal strangulation blocks the flow of oxygen and blood, causing gangrene of the intestines.

Death can occur in a matter of hours.

Diagnosis/Prognosis

The sooner your pet is examined and the object is removed, the sooner the recovery process will start. Your veterinarian will exam your dog by palpating the abdominal area to check for distension and tenderness. They will examine the gums to see if they are pale. They may suggest an x-ray, to identify the item, and locate the blockage.

Depending on the severity of the obstruction, or if there are factors that complicate the situation, such as perforation, rupture, peritonitis or necrosis, most dogs recover fairly quickly.

Treatments

The treatment usually depends on the size, shape, how long the item has been ingested, and whether there is any rupture or perforation. Treatment to remove the object could be as simple as your veterinarian inducing vomiting, or retrieving the object with an endoscope. Do not attempt to induce vomiting yourself.

Most likely, your dog will be dehydrated. Your veterinarian may use IV therapy to rehydrate and antibiotics, to prevent secondary infection. They will also most likely recommend rest, and a liquid or soft diet, before moving on to your dog’s regular diet.

If the object has passed your dog’s pylorus (where the stomach connects to the small intestines), surgery is required. Post surgery requires rest, IV therapy, antibiotics, and observation for leakage, followed by liquid diet, to soft food, to regular diet. They probably will have to stay at the animal hospital for a day or two following surgery.

Bottom line: Always check what your puppy or dog has in their mouth! Supervise what your dog is chewing, especially if they are aggressive or obsessive chewers. If the object is small enough to get caught in their throat, throw it out! If you know they are sneaky thieves, make sure objects they should not have access to are well out of their reach. Do not take any risks, if their vomit smells like poop, get help immediately!



Source by Karen Soukiasian

16 Essential Oils For Your Dog

Essential oils are able to produce the desired result quicker than herbs. A drop of peppermint oil is equal to 26 cups of peppermint tea. Essential oils have multi-effects where many drugs have usually have only one medical property plus negative side effects.

Applying essential oils to their paws is not recommended by some health care professionals. Pets lick their feet and this could cause possible irritation as saliva is similar to water. Essential oils enter the skin quickly. Compounds like fertilizer, antifreeze and other toxicants could be absorbed more quickly when essential oils are applied to their paws.

I have taken advice from Dr. Nancy Brandt, DVM and used the knowledge in my dog breeding business. She is a holistic vet located in Las Vegas, NV and uses Young Living essential oils in her practice. Most essential oils should be diluted with a base or carrier oil before applying to your pet. For dogs, the recommendation is 1 drop essential oil to 10 drops base/carrier oil and for cats, rabbits and ferrets, 1 drop essential oil to 25 drops of base/carrier oil. You may listen to Dr. Brandt 1/29/2009 lecture on the internet addressing 16 Young Living essential oils that a pet owner should have on hand.

In my opinion the best base or carrier oil is organic cold pressed olive oil, grapeseed oil or fractionated coconut oil. Avoid nut oils if your pet is allergic to nuts. I recommend using V-6 enhanced vegetable oil complex by Young Living as base/carrier oil. The ingredients of V-6 are Fractionated Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Sesamum Indicum (Sesame) Seed Oil, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil, Triticum Vulgare (Wheat) Germ Oil, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, and Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil. Cold pressed olive oil and grapeseed oil are other options to use as a base/carrier oil.

Oil and water do not mix; water causes the oil to irritate your pet’s skin. If you pet has sensitivity to any essential oil, dilute the oil with base/carrier oil or add more base/carrier oil to where you applied the essential oil. If any essential oil gets into your pet’s eyes rinse with base/carrier oil, never water.

I chose essential oils made by Young Living. They are therapeutic grade and processed correctly. They’re organic and do not contain toxicants, like pesticides. Not all essential oils can be taken internally. Young Living essential oils are one of the few essential oils that can be taken safety internally. There are 42 species of frankincense but Young Living chooses the 2 species with the most therapeutic benefits not the cheapest to make and process. The oils are processed with low heat by steamed distillation or cold pressing. This makes more of the natural properties available. Some of the essential oil brands process their products with a higher heat and as a result their essential oils do not have all the properties plus may contain toxicants. They do cost less and are not as effective.

The essential oil Balsam fir (Idaho) is anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant (stops blood from clotting) and acts like cortisone. It is used for respiratory issues and pain. For breathing issues rub on the chest. For pain issues, rub on the source. I diffuse it in my kennel if I see or hear any signs of colds or coughing. You can combine 2-3 essential oils together and diffuse to get the desired results.

Eucalyptus Radiata can be used as a smelling salt and aids in opening up the lungs when an upper respiratory infection is present. Its medical properties are antibacterial, antiviral, expectorant and anti-inflammatory. As a smelling salt the bottle is held briefly under the nose. For breathing issues, rub on the chest. I use eucalyptus on my dogs’ cloth collars and it works like a bug repellant. I spray eucalyptus on my base ball cap while fishing and the bugs leave me alone.

Frankincense can cross the blood/brain barrier and aid in increasing oxygen to the brain. Frankincense is used for infections and tumors, dissolves lumps & bumps. Frankincense is antibacterial, antiviral, expectorant and anti-inflammatory. It can be applied topically, diffused, or simply inhaled. I have applied frankincense to lumps on my pets and the size of the lump decreases quickly.

Helichysum is great for bruising or bleeding. I use it for when dew claws are removed or tail docking. It speeds up the healing process. This essential oil is not diluted but rubbed directly on the bare belly, be sure to avoid the sexual organs. Apply 1 drop per 1 inch of bare belly up the center of the pet’s belly. Helichrysum medical properties are anticoagulant, anesthetic, antispasmodic, antiviral, liver detoxifier; chelates chemicals and toxins plus regenerates nerves. Choose Helichysum if rat poison is suspected. This will help control internal bleeding while you are traveling to your vet.

Lavender is the universal essential oil and can be used for just about anything. This essential oil is applied neat (not diluted). Lavender is great to heal burns including sunburns. Lavender has great calming effects. Here is a recipe that can be misted into the air: add 2 drops to 1 oz. of steamed distilled water put into a spray bottle, shake before each use. Its medical properties are antiseptic, antifungal, antitumoral, anticonvulsant, vasodilating, relaxant, anti-inflammatory, reduce blood fat/cholesterol, and combats excess sebum on skin. I use lavender to clear tear staining on my puppies while they are teething. Apply only once per day put one drop to your finger and rub it across the nose and under the eyes (avoid the eyes). I like to use it at night since lavender has calming properties.

Peppermint is wonderful for treating diarrhea and vomiting. Be sure to dilute with the base/carrier oil formula. Peppermint medical properties are anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, antiparasitic (worms), antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, gallbladder/digestive stimulant, and a pain-reliever and helps curbs appetite. I use peppermint diluted and rub on the gums or belly to stop diarrhea.

Pine works for respiratory issues and works even better when mixed with eucalyptus. This is a great combination to diffuse during the winter months and smells great. Or it can be rubbed on the chest between the front legs. Pine’s medical properties are hormone-like, antidiabetic, cortisone-like, antiseptic and lymphatic stimulant.

Essential oil blends are a combination of several essential oils having a broader spectrum of beneficial medical properties. Di-Gize helps with alleviating diarrhea and vomiting. It works better than peppermint. Apply the oil to the bare belly and rubs it in a clockwise motion, the way the colon moves. Egyptian Gold aids the immune system and is used for open wounds (dog/cat fight). It is applied to the chest and between the shoulder blades on the back. Joy helps the heart and circuitry system. Apply to the chest and side of the ribs. GLF should be used if your pet gets into anything toxic like fertilizer or advid. Rub on the liver. The liver is located just below the ribs on the right-hand side. Melrose is great for chronic infections like abscesses (wounds) that are difficult to heal. Panaway is for dog bites, bruising, cuts and scrapes. Puricuration is used undiluted on bug bites. It purifies the air and kills the virus, Parvo. It balances electro energies. Use it on your pet’s bedding as a diffuser. Mix 1 drop to 1 oz steam distilled water into a spray bottle. Shake before use and spray the room, bedding, and toys anything your pet touches to disinfect. I recommend this essential to my customers if they plan on boarding their pets to keep their pet’s germ free. Thieves kills bacteria and can be used as a natural antibiotic. Thieves should be used for keeping your pet’s teeth clean. This is a healthier option then putting your pet under at the vet’s to clean its teeth. Apply a drop to your finger and rub on your pet’s upper gums once a week or daily if you detect issues. Thieves is recommended not be used on cats due to their sensitivity to their liver. Valor is chiropractic in a bottle. It aliens the body by balancing energy centers (chakras). Apply to the spine. This is a wonderful essential oil blend for pets who lead active life styles like hunting or trials.

Young Living products can be order from my website on the essential oil product page – http://www.ardyweb.com/-.html

DISCLAIMER The author offers information and opinions, not as a substitute for professional medical prevention, diagnosis, or treatment. It is advised to consult with your vet before taking any home remedies or supplements or following any treatment suggested by anyone. Your vet can provide you with advice on what is considered safe and effective for your animal’s unique needs or diagnose your animal’s particular medical history.



Source by Ardy Livermore

Hydrogen Peroxide For Dog Bad Breath

As kids, almost everyone had a run-in with hydrogen peroxide. Occasionally, even as adults we still find the need for this antiseptic. But these instances were to clean sores or wounds that we got while playing around. This was done to make sure that we were protected from nasty infections. So it is a bit controversial to hear about our handy antiseptic being used as a breath freshener. But many dog owners are using it exactly to cure their dog’s bad breath problem.

If this trend continues then it is highly possible to see in our local pet store tucked in its shelves a brand name called DOG BAD BREATH HYDROGEN PEROXIDE. But before anyone rushes to the nearest store for this medicine they better study this compound better or ask their vet about it. This way, they are better informed if ever they do seriously consider using hydrogen peroxide as a dog breath home remedy.

First of all, what causes bad breath? Bad breath results when the concentration of anaerobic bacteria in the dog’s mouth grows out of proportion because of poor hygiene. These anaerobic bacteria are normally found in the mouth of most animals, humans and dogs included. It is when dog owners neglect to clean their dog’s mouth regularly that these bacteria become too numerous in the dog’s mouth. This alone should be enough to convince every dog owner to make sure that they regularly brush their dog’s teeth with a pet toothpaste.

Second, how does bad breath develop from these bacteria? It is pretty simple really. The bacteria which have been left alone eat the food particles that accumulate in the dog’s teeth and gums. After this happens, the bacteria will then release compounds that are mainly sulfuric and then will mix with the air and these results in bad breath.

So why do some dog owners use hydrogen peroxide to treat their pet’s foul breath? Most dog owners value this compound to clean their dog’s mouth not because of any wound that they may blame for their dog’s foul breath. Rather, the substance can be valuable in treating bad breath because it adds to the concentration of oxygen in the mouth.

Anaerobic bacteria are unable to survive in an environment that is loaded with oxygen. Since hydrogen peroxide is loaded with oxygen it manages to do away with the excess bacteria in the dog’s mouth. Then the sulfuric compounds responsible for the bad breath also disappear from the dog’s mouth. This results in a fresher breath for the dog.

It is very important though that only hydrogen peroxide with less than 1.5% concentration is used. This is not one instance where a stronger concentration will do the trick. In this case, if a too strong hydrogen peroxide is used then chances are it will destroy the enamel in the teeth, leading to tooth decay.

Are there any side effects? Yes! If overused, it causes vomiting in the dog. While this may not be a cause for serious concern, it is still pretty uncomfortable for your dog.

With this in mind, it is more practical to use mouth rinses that can easily be mixed into the dog’s water. They are known to be safe and tolerable to the dog. So before anyone thinks of using dog bad breath hydrogen peroxide on their pet, they would be advised to use a product that has been specially formulated for the purpose.



Source by Melissa Simmonds

Deciding If a Frog is the Right Pet For You

Are you considering getting a frog as your next pet? While frogs can be excellent pets and can bring years of joy into your life, there are several things you need to take into consideration before you buy a frog. By carefully examining the pros and cons of owning a pet frog, you can more effectively determine whether or not it is the right type of pet for you.

The Drawbacks to Owning a Pet Frog

Perhaps the largest drawback to owning a pet frog is the fact that many types of wild frogs are facing problems with extinction and general decline in population. Since this decline is largely due to human activities such as the pet trade, it is essential that you only purchase those frogs that are not experiencing population issues. This way, you can be certain you are not contributing to the decline of that particular frog breed’s demise.

Another drawback to owning a pet frog is the fact that their habitats can be quite difficult to keep clean and healthy. While the humidity, temperature and lighting requirements are simple for most frogs, many are very sensitive to waste and other contaminants in their habitats. Therefore, you have to be particularly careful about keeping the area clean. It is also important to keep these special captivity needs in mind if you are someone who enjoys traveling on a regular basis, as it can be difficult to find someone to care for your frog while you are away.

Feeding your pet frog can also be a difficult endeavor. In most cases, you will need to handle insects to feed your frog. If you are squeamish, you might not enjoy this part of frog ownership. If you have a larger frog, you may even need to feed it pinky mice, which can be a disturbing process if you are an animal lover.

Another potential drawback to owning a frog is its long lifespan. While it is nice to know that your pet will likely be around for 4 to 15 years, or perhaps even longer, it is important to note that you are taking on a very long commitment when you bring home a pet frog. Therefore, before you purchase one at the pet store, make certain you are prepared to take care of it for many years to come.

Special Considerations When Buying a Pet Frog

In addition to considering the potential drawbacks of frog ownership, there are several other things you should keep in mind before bringing one home. First of all, you should make sure to do plenty of research on the particular species you are buying. This way, you can be certain you are setting the habitat up properly and you can get everything set up before you bring your new pet home.

You should also consider the size of the frog. Just because the frog is small now, it doesn’t mean it will stay small for long. Be sure to purchase the right sized habitat and equipment to accommodate the size of your frog now as well as in the future.



Source by CS Swarens

Finding A Herbivore Pet for A Herbivore Person

As a vegan I welcome my home to a herbivore pet of any kind. While I have problem with the natural order of the circle of life, I find myself unable to feed one animal to another so all of my little companions are happy little herbivores like me. This article is meant to help any other vegan that feels the same way in finding a herbivore companion of their own. If you own larger land, you may want larger herbivores that need more room to frolic and that’s cool too! The best part of having an animal around is the feeling you get knowing they feel comfort in your presence.

Indoor Pets

So far when it comes to a herbivore pet to play with at the house you’ll have a choice of a few furry little mammals, a couple of birds, and a reptile. The mammals are rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas. All of them are vegan rodents and can be kept in cages. Whenever you take them out to play with make sure any children near the pet are careful when they are handling the little guy. Macaws and Toucans are iconic birds and are both vegan! Macaws aka parrots love to bond with their human friend if treated right. Toucan’s may try to take a bite out of a bug but if you supply it with enough fruit it will stick as a herbivore. Iguanas, like Toucans will eat bugs, but only if they’re starving so feed it the right kind of leaves and it will stay a true vegan pet.

Outdoor pets

Having little indoor pets may be too limited for you and you may be willing to share quite a bit of land for a herbivore friend. The best kind of vegan pets to suit your standards would be horses, emus, goats, cattle, and capybaras. Most people see horses, goats, and cattle in many different ranches and farms but I bet most people don’t think twice that those animals are vegans. Emus are a close relative to ostriches and can get up to 6 ft tall. These guys have legs strong enough to tear down wire fences so it’s good to keep the properly contained for their safety and your properties safety as well. Capybaras are giant rodents, it sounds terrifying but they’re lovable oafs. They are a cousin to guinea pigs and you may notice they bark like dogs. They will always keep a smile on you’re face.

Green Love

A herbivore for a pet as a vegan has you appreciating nature more knowing that you are connected with your companion in more than just diet but also as a friend. Understanding the animal before making it a lovable pet should be the most important part of the decision process. Always consider adopting an animal from animal shelters like the humane society. The best part in any animal relationship should be how comfortable and loved the animal feels towards you, the guardian.



Source by Kenn Pyon

Hermit Crab’s Aggressive Behavior – The Reason Why They May Get Locked Together

Hermit crabs have distinct personality characteristics they are curious and active. They are unique and exotic pets that have low maintenance requirements. These crabs are usually very social animals but sometimes they do have conflicts with other crabs.

These creatures have soft abdomens that require protection provided by shells. Crabs to not generate their shells they are scavengers and take over abandoned shell that they find. As these crabs grow they require larger shells for their homes.

If you wish to avoid aggression between hermit crabs you might wish to purchase crabs that are similar in size. Larger differences between the sizes of your crabs might lead to unnecessary fights. When crabs fight it is possible for one to become locked onto the others shell.

Fighting among these creatures could be over the selection of a preferred shell. If two crabs want the same shell for their home they will fight over it. These fights could lead to the death of one or both crabs. In order to avoid this type of conflict you should provide your pets with a wide variety of shell. Select quality shell of different sizes and shapes. Also provide shells with different shaped openings. Select shells with different aperture sized – which is the size of the opening.

Another reason hermit crabs may begin to fight is they love to climb and crawl. When a crab comes upon another crab he is likely to climb over or crawl under him. This may disturb the crab that is being climbed on or crawled under and a fight might ensue. If you provide your pet crab with rocks or other accessories that they can climb over and crawl under this fighting behavior may be eliminated.

It is normal crab behavior to have either “pushing contests” or “feeler fights”. Pushing contests are ways these creatures become acquainted? When crabs run into each other their antennae will wave and their legs flip. Feeler fight is just a way these creatures smell each other. These usually occur because crabs just don’t believe in walking around an object they just have to climb over or crawl under.

Feeler fights and pushing contests are harmless unless you observe one crab grab the other’s shell. A shell fight is occurring when they do this and begin to push the shell back and forth and attempt to open the shell. You may also hear the crabs chirping. This occurs normally in the wild, where wild crabs participate in shell fights.

During a shell fight the attacking crabs’ claws get inside the defending crabs shell causing the defending crab to shake it back and forth causing the defending crab to exit his shell. The attacking crab will exit his shell and take the shell of the defender. The loser will usually enter the abandoned shell of the victor. Usually this results in no harm to either hermit crab.

Other observed crab violence is when creatures rip each other apart or out of their shells resulting in the death of the crab. Sometimes crabs dig up molters and eat them alive! If you notice random legs in your aquarium of notice a crab inside a “victim’s” shell and notice the victim either dead in the sand or limping around you know you have an aggressive crab in your tank. You should take any live victims out of the tank a put in a protective area for them to recover. You should clean any sand or gravel off of him and attempt to get him back in his shell. If he is still in his shell just provide an isolated, warm and moist area for him to recover.



Source by Joan Fox

All About Freshwater Blue Lobster

I am of the opinion that any person who wants an aquarium in their home should definitely learn all about freshwater blue lobster in order to make their aquarium complete. You can get the standard goldfish, or clownfish, but I recommend getting something different. This article will tell you all about this amazing fish (including the secret behind its name) and how you can care for it and introduce it into its new aquarium home.

The Secret About Freshwater Blue Lobster

So, you see this term and you wonder what kind of lobster it is. Does it taste good? How do I cook it? Well, the secret is this: the freshwater blue lobster is not actually a lobster at all! It actually is a crustacean called a crayfish (or crawfish, in certain parts of the world). Lobsters and crayfish are distantly related, but are not the same thing – and the freshwater blue lobster will definitely not be found at any Red Lobster or seafood restaurant. So, the next time you hear this name, do not think of a nice, steamed lobster tail drenched in butter. Instead, think of a great addition to your aquarium.

Is there a real blue lobster out there? Sure – but it is extremely rare, appearing in about 1 out of every 30 million lobsters caught. If you get one, you can eat it, but it is so rare that many people keep them in captivity to observe them.

Learning About Freshwater Blue Lobster

This creature, as mentioned above, is a crayfish, and has the scientific name Procambarus alleni. It is a crustacean and goes by other names, including Hammers Cobalt Blue Lobster. These creatures can grow to be as long as eight inches, and have a blue shell – hence their name. Like most crayfish, they resemble lobsters in that they have two pincher claws, along with hard shells that are molted (shed) when the crayfish grows. Some can be found off the coast of Florida; others can be found off the coasts of Australia and New Zealand.

About Freshwater Blue Lobster: Caring For Your Pet

If you decide to get a freshwater blue lobster for your home, you will need to first purchase an aquarium that is big enough for your pet. You should buy at least a 20-gallon aquarium so your crayfish has plenty of room to swim. You should then line this aquarium with substrate, such as sand or fine gravel. Put enough in there so your crayfish can burrow. Also put plants and rocks in your aquarium to add color and decoration, as well as additional hiding spots for your aquarium.

The water in your tank for your fish should be kept at a temperature between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Note that temperatures above 80 degrees should be avoided if at all possible. Excessive temperatures can stress out your lobster – resulting in it turning a sickly brown color. For food, use algae, flakes, pellets that sink to the bottom, or even small cut up pieces of vegetables. They are scavengers and will eat just about anything you put down there, provided it is edible.

About the Freshwater Blue Lobster: Conclusion

This wonderful crayfish is a great addition to any aquarium. Just be sure to not include them with fish; they are aggressive and will attack just about anything. But they are great pets to watch, especially for their bright blue shells. While you can eat crayfish, I would not recommend eating this one. It is better to keep it in an aquarium and admire it for its beautiful blue hue.



Source by Chen Bar

Three Reasons Why Baby Squirrels Die in Captivity

Did you ever take in a baby squirrel and start to feed and care for it, then have it go downhill physically and die? You’re not alone! The following are three common reasons why baby squirrels die in captivity:

1. The Wrong Diet.

Improper diet is the number one reason why squirrels die. There’s a lot of controversy over what is the correct formula to feed baby squirrels who are still nursing. Many wild animal rehabilitators will tell you to buy an expensive puppy formula, and to never feed a squirrel cow’s milk. I’ve used the expensive puppy formula with marginal success, but recently they changed the formulation which left it lacking enough milk fat for squirrels. Now, all of a sudden, they’re telling people to add heavy cream to boost the fat content! Hello! What is heavy cream? It’s the cream from cow’s milk! The reason cow’s milk will kill a baby squirrel is because there are substances in the milk that will give a squirrel severe diarrhea. Diarrhea will lead to an electrolyte imbalance,which will lead to a heart irregularity and ultimately death from sudden cardiac arrest.

I’ve found that if you get rid of the substance in cow’s milk and cream that causes diarrhea, a baby squirrel will do just fine on a cream rich cows milk formula. But you must do one simple but vital thing to make this formula safe for squirrels! I can teach you how to make this formula and save you having to spend twenty dollars per can for puppy formula!

2. Hypocalcemia.

The second big killer of squirrels is Hypocalcemia. That’s a fancy name for low blood Calcium. Squirrels, especially in captivity, have an extraordinarily high calcium requirement. Death from low blood calcium comes after they stop nursing. While they are getting milk, their calcium needs are being met. When they quit nursing, they need a calcium supplement or they’ll develop what is called Metabolic Bone Disease. This disease is characterized by loss of calcium from the bones, especially in the spine and back legs. They start to shuffle their back legs when they walk, and progressively lose nerve and muscle control. Their bones become brittle and break easily.

Low blood calcium can also lead to heart irregularity and sudden cardiac death. A squirrel with metabolic Bone Disease is a pathetic scene! Prevention is simple! I teach a very simple way to make a dietary supplement called Nut Squares or Nut Balls that will insure optimum calcium intake and good health for squirrels.

3. Internal Injuries.

The last major killer of baby squirrels is internal injuries. Many times a found squirrel has fallen a great distance out of a leaf nest. One of the first things you should do for a baby squirrel, after you get it in a warm environment, is to check it over carefully for injuries. Babies normally have rapid respiration and heartbeats, but if a baby squirrel is having difficulty breathing or is using more than just chest muscles to breathe, it may have internal injuries. It could have broken ribs or a contused lung or heart! Blunt trauma to the abdomen can injure internal organs such as the liver, kidneys or spleen. A baby squirrel’s abdominal wall is very thin. If you see dark purple discoloration of the abdomen, that is an ominous sign that indicates internal bleeding.

There’s not a whole lot that can be done for a baby squirrel that is in that condition. A Veterinarian could evaluate the animal, but chances are, nothing would be done other than observe and support it’s breathing struggle with oxygen and a warm environment until it passes. I’ve found in my years as a Squirrel Rehabilitator that squirrels love to have their head and neck gently rubbed, it’s very soothing and calming for them. Death is a part of life. For me, holding and comforting a dying squirrel helps me realize how precious and brief life is. I find tremendous joy and satisfaction in caring for these magnificent creatures, and thank God that even in death, I can make a difference!



Source by William Sells

4 Most Common Corn Snake Diseases – Your Help is Needed

Improper feeding and wrong set up of housing and caging can really affect the corn snake’s health. Some diseases are fungal and some are bacterial. If you noticed that your corn snake has one of the symptoms or diseases, then you should seek professional help for them to introduce proper aid and medications. Did you know that there are many corn snake diseases that can affect your corn snake? Most of these diseases are transmitted by other infected corn snake or by the food you provide them and yes, even the surroundings and housing you set up for them.

Too hot or too cold temperature of their housing can really contribute diseases and symptoms on your corn snake. That is why you must be sure that you provide the right housing for your corn snake as well as the right and proper care to avoid them getting ill. Corn snake diseases are common especially when you keep your snake in the wrong kind of temperature.

Here are some of the common snake diseases and its definitions:

– Mouth Rot (Infectious or Ulcerative Stomatitis). It is a progressive bacterial infection involving the oral lining. The symptom of this is the increase of saliva of your snake. You will see some bubbles from the saliva on your snake’s mouth. The oral lining becomes inflamed and will produce pus.

– Blister Disease. This disease is common to captive snakes. The caused of this disease was a damp and filthy environment. If you noticed some pink to reddish appearance on the bottom-most scales then it is probable that your snake has blister disease. If you noticed this symptom, seek your vet’s help immediately.

– Respiratory Infections. These diseases are very common to corn snakes. The main cause of respiratory diseases among corn snakes is the poor or inadequate housing and caging and even the stress for its surrounding. Treatment should be only introduced by veterinarian.

– Fungal Infection. The most likely spot on snake’s body parts to be infected by fungal are their eyes. This is typically cause by a damp and contaminated environment. Ringworm fungi that normally infect human and other animals can also infect your snakes.

Their life and healthy bodies will only be possible and will only happen if you will treat them right. Corn snakes may be reptiles but remember these cold blooded creatures are God’s creation too. Now that you learn and understand some of the common snake diseases, you should now make sure that you will only provide the right and proper care for you snake pet.



Source by Robert Kinnison

Positives and Negatives of Keeping a Pet Dog

Have you ever thought hard about owning your own dog?

On one side there is the “Pro”, the positions in favor:

The very first point in support of keeping a pet dog will be the companionship of a family dog, which is very well known. Don’t forget the age old saying that: “A dog is man’s best friend”. I think most people would agree with that..

A 2nd point in favor can be their guarding abilities. Even if a dog is completely harmless and would never actually defend its owner, it will usually look and sound fierce enough to put off an attacker, and of course by barking a dog raises the owner’s awareness of an intruder’s presence.

The 3rd supporting point is perhaps not the most obvious, but should not be underestimated. A dog makes its owner physically healthier, by requiring its owner to get out walking daily, with all but the smallest lap dog breeds.

The 4th point in support of keeping a pet dog should be also on the subject of health, but this time its owner’s mental health. A dog provides stability in our lives, and a dog is always pleased to see it owner, and constant in it’s affections, when the owner’s human counterparts may not always be so. This has been shown to reduce the effects of depression, and other mental illnesses can be less severe for dog owners.

Lastly, the 5th reason for support will be the way that having a dog in the house for children of six years old upwards, gives them a knowledge of, and relationship with an animal for whom they can be expected to take responsibility during walks, and when they are older when other members of the family are not in the home to look after the dog.

This responsibility gives a child greater maturity, and many children will develop a deep bond with their childhood mutt, and often grow up wanting to be dog owners themselves.

And on the other hand, to keep this balanced, there are Cons; Arguments Against:

Firstly, the point which must be made against is the cost of keeping a dog which is rising all the time. Responsible owners must ensure their young dogs are immunized, neutered and treated by a veterinarian when they get ill.

The second point in contrast to the earlier points is that a dog is a tie. The dog cannot be left alone for long, meaning that if you wish to go away without them it cannot be done unless there is someone else to look after the animal, or you can afford to send your pet to a canine boarding kennel.

A 3rd significant point against is that no dog owner can escape that they are responsible for their pet if it misbehaves. The owner must not let their dog roam, create excess noise, or attack or injure anyone. Sometimes this can be difficult to achieve with a young and hard to discipline/strong willed canine..

A fourth negative point is going to be an active dog brings dirt into the home, and adds to the wear and tear on the house furnishings.

Fifth and ultimately, last point in contra shall be although the idea we all have of a dog is one of their behavior adapting to their owner’s wishes and not acting in a threatening manner to any of the family, that may not always be the case. The large number of dogs each year to be found in dog rescue centers shows that many people do have problems with their dogs, and big enough difficulties to make them decide they can no longer give a home to their pet.

That’s it, the pros along with the cons, the points in favor and then the points against.

So, within a final analysis; is keeping a pet dog a good thing? or a bad thing?

If you are like me, you now have a “Yes” answer to both questions! Keeping a pet dog can be wonderful, but it takes hard work from the owner through the puppy, and adolescent stages of a dog’s life. You dog will need training and a great deal of exercise, or he or she may become over-boisterous in the home and tear the place up! So, keeping a dog is a combination of good and bad… It needs to be left up to the reader to determine how committed to ownership you will be, and how well suited you will be to keeping to your dog’s need for daily routine. How tolerant you will be to uncontrollable dog behavior, and how good at training your pet to behave well.

Which side, the good or the bad, will pull down the scales of opinion on one side, or the other, for you?



Source by Steve Evans